Guidelines for Fasting on "Yaumul Shak"

ramadanFASTING ON "YAUMUL SHAK"

Yaumul Shak - Doubtful whether it is the last day of Sha'baan or the first day of Ramadhan.

1577. If one doubts whether it is the last day of Sha'ban or the first day of Ramadhan then the fast on that day is not obligatory. If however, somebody wants to observe fast on that day he cannot do so with the intention of observing the Ramadhan fast, but if he makes an intention that if it is Ramadhan then it is the Ramadhan fast and if it is not Ramadhan then it is qadha fast or some other fast like that, his fast will be valid. But it is better to observe the fast with the intention of qadha fast or some other fast, and if it is known later that it was Ramadhan then it will automatically be Ramadhan fast. And even if he makes a niyyat of a natural fast, and later it becomes known that it is Ramadhan, it will be sufficient (i.e. that fast will be counted as the Ramadhan fast).

1578. If it is doubtful whether it is the last day of Sha'ban or the first of Ramadhan, and a person observes a qadha or a Mustahab fast or some other fast on that day, and later comes to know the same day that it is the first of Ramadhan, then he should convert the intention to the Ramadhan fast.

If you are NOT fasting on the 30th day of Shaaban, and you get news of Crescent sighting :

  • If you get the news after sunset of 30th Shaaban or later that the moon was sighted on 29th Shaaban, then you have to keep qadha of 1st Ramadhan after the month of Ramadhan.
  • If you get the news of moon sighting after zawal time, then you should observe precaution by abstaining from eating for the rest of the day with the intention of absolute nearness (qurbat), and perform its qadha after the month of Ramadhan.
  • If you get the news of moon sighting before zawal time, then:
  1. If you have not eaten or drunk anything or done anything which breaks the fast, you must immediately do the niyyah of fasting of Ramadhan for that day.
  2. If you have eaten or drunk something or have done anything which breaks the fast, then you should observe precaution by abstaining from eating for the rest of the day with the intention of absolute nearness (qurbat), and perform its qadha after that.

Reference: Islamic Laws by Ayatullah Al Udhama Seyyid Ali Seestani

With salams and duas,

Fazle Abbas Datoo
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Resident Alim
Wessex Shia Ithna Asheri Jamaat

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