dhil-hajj-nightsMajlis Summary

Dhulhijjah: 2nd of the Ash-hurul Hurum:

We have entered the twelfth and final month in the Islamic Lunar Calendar, marking the end of the year which is also the 2nd of the Ash-hurul hurum sacred months: Dhulq’ada, Dhulhijjah, Muharram and Rajab.

Appointed days: Days of virtue and righteous deeds:

“Remember Allah in the appointed days.” Sura Al Baqarah 2:203
The appointed days is referring to first 10 days of Dhulhijjah.
“I swear by the Dawn, By the ten nights…” Sura Al Fajr 89:1-2
According to tafseer the 10 nights by which the Divine Oath is taken refers to the first 10 days of Dhulhijjah. This indicates the excellence of these first 10 days of Dhulhijjah.
This significance is re-iterated by the Noble Prophet who stated,”No days to perform deeds are more beloved to Allah, the Mighty, the Exalted, than these ten days.”
These months are the season of worship and opportunity for acceptance of ones hajat.

4 Recommended deeds to perform:

  1. Mustahab to fast for the nine days from 1st to 9th Dhulhijjah (Seventh Imam's hadith: Get reward of fasting for lifetime). Such emphasis on fasting that if one is unable to fast for nine days then at least to do so on the first day (Seventh Imam's hadith : Reward of fasting on first day equals fasting 80 years). Note one may repay qadha or other wajib fasts in these days and doubly benefit.
  2. Peform the special 2 rakat salah between maghrib and Isha of the 1st to 10th nights in the prescribed method. Imam Muhammad Baqir a.s. highly recommends not to miss this salat.

……To be continued in next majlis

Wafat of 9th Imam Muhammad Taqi Al- Jawad a.s.

He was born on 10th Rajab 195 A.H. in Madina. His parents are 8th Imam Ali ibn Musa Ar-Ridha a.s. and Bibi Sabika of Nubian descent. She is also known as Bibi Rayhana or Khayzran. He takes the reins of Imamat at age of 7/8 years when his father the 8th Imam meets martyrdom on 29th Safar 203 A.H.

Overcoming the challenges to living Islam:

2 lessons from the life of Imam Muhammad Taqi Al Jawad a.s.

  • Encounter with Ruler Mamun Rashid :

Once Mamun, with his official retinue, passed by children in a street in Baghdad amongst whom was the 9th Imam. When the children saw the procession they ran away except for Imam who remained standing in his place. Mamun, who didn’t know the child, became astonished and asked: Why did you not run away with the children? Imam answered: O chief! The street is not so narrow that I should clear it for you and neither have I any guilt that I should fear you. This response affected Mamun. He was astounded and asked about his lineage to which the Imam responded. Mamun commented : Indeed you are Ibn Ar-Ridha (Note that 9th and 10th Imam were fondly called Ibn Ar-Ridha).
Though one identifies oneself individually by ones name, yet each and every one does carry the identification of one’s parents. Ones’ behavior is reflected upon not only oneself, but towards ones parents. As Shias our behavior does reflect towards our biological parents and our spiritual parents; the Imams. This will have an impact on the wider community we live in.

  • Influence of one’s company:

“Beware of the company of one committing evil habitually.For the person is like a sword whose appearance is beautiful and its consequences are devastating.”  Imam Muhammad Taqi Al Jawad a.s.A person is influenced by the company one keeps. The values and identity presentation in social, academic, workplace and religious centers become defined by ones company. Infact the influence of one’s company or circle is so powerful that it can overrule the influence of even the family and faith values.

Mamun Rashid plans:

In order to contain the opposition to his rule and also influence that the promised Mahdi to be from his progeny, Mamun Rashid summons Imam Muhammad Taqi to Baghdad offering him the hand of his daughter Ummul Fadhl in marriage. After marriage Imam lived for a year in Baghdad in a rented house with Ummu Fadhl who was always making many demands and nagging the Imam. Later Imam returns to Medina.

Imam summoned to Baghdad:

Mamun Rashid dies in 218 A.H. and he is succeeded by his brother M’utasim Billah who is a tyrant with great hatred for the progeny of Imam Ali.
Ummul Fadhl continues complaining about Imam to her Uncle M’utasim Billah who calls Imam to Baghdad. With instigation from the court scholars who envied the verdicts of the Imam being accepted and the nagging of Ummul Fadhl, M’utasim arranges for Imam to be served with poison leading to his martyrdom. Imam passed away on29thDilq’ada 220 A.H. at age of 25 years having led the ummah for 18 years.
The rites of ghusl, kafan was handled by his son 10th Imam who buried his father next to the 7th Imam in Kadhimiya district, Baghdad.

Condolences to Imam Sahibuz Zaman (A.F.) and the Ahlul Bayt a.s.

Wa ma tawfiqi illa billah

Fazle Abbas Datoo
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Resident Alim
Wessex Shia Ithna Asheri Jamaat