15th Ramadhan 1432 A.H / 16th August 2011 - Wiladat of 2nd Imam al-Hassan (a.s)

patienceImam Hassan (a.s) : The Epitome of Patience

His Early Life

Imam Hassan (a.s) was born on the 15th of the Holy Month of Ramadhan in 3 A.H. to the noble Lady Sayyida Fatima Zahra (a.s), the daughter of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w), and Imam Ali (a.s), the Chief of the Faithful, in the blessed city of Madina.

He enjoyed the love, care and advice of his grandfather, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w), for seven fruitful years until the sad demise of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w). During this period of immense grief, Imam Hassan (a.s) was a witness to a number of atrocities carried out on his family which, in less than six months, led to the loss of his dear mother too.

His Imamat

The Holy Imam (a.s) was his father’s right hand and supported him throughout his Imamat until the age of 37 when he succeeded his father as the second righteous successor of the Holy Prophet (s.aw.w). In his period of leadership, Imam Hassan (a.s) had to face various betrayals and duplicity from the public. This forced him to sign a treaty with the Syrian ruler, Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan, who had no intention on following it and continued to disregard the call for peace.

One key point of the treaty was that Muawiya’s rule was merely an interim transfer of the administration of the Islamic State. Thus, after Muawiya’s death, the rule of the Islamic Nation would be returned to its rightful leader – Imam Hassan (a.s) – and inherited according to the Divine right of Imamat.

Admirably, during this troubled time of disloyalty, treachery and treason, Imam Hassan (a.s) adopted colossal amounts of patience and carried on guiding the masses.

His Character

In human perfection Imam Hassan (a.s) was reminiscent of his father and a perfect example of his noble grandfather. In fact, as long as the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w) was alive, he and his brother, Imam Husayn (a.s) were always in the company of the Prophet (s.a.w.w). One can’t help drawing the conclusion that Imam Hassan (a.s) and his brother enjoyed a high level of education, spiritual and ideological upbringing, which no other person had won next to their grandfather, mother and father.

The ultimate result was that both Imams Hassan and Husayn (a.s) became Islam as a walking personification on the earth, which is shown from the below conversation:

Imam Hassan (a.s) was asked: “What is simplicity?” He answered: “The desire to be pious and moderate in this life.”

“What is forbearance?” He answered: “Restraining one’s anger and controlling oneself.”

“What is righteousness?” He answered: “Replacing the bad with the good.”

“What is honour?” He answered: “Being kind to one’s relatives and shouldering people’s burdens of sin.”

“What is the aid?” He answered: “Defending the neighbour, patience in war, and advance during adversities.”

“What is glory?” He answered: “Giving while being in debt and forgiving others their offences.”

His Martyrdom

As Muawiya had plans to declare Yazid, his son, as his successor, he decided to get rid of the Holy Imam (a.s) first. He did so by conspiring with the Imam’s wife to give him poison and in return promised her riches and the marriage to his son, Yazid (which never did occur). The evil plan was carried out and the Imam (a.s) fell gravely ill. After great suffering, the second Imam Hassan (a.s), the elder grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w) departed from this earth on 20th of Safar 50 A.H. at the age of 48. Just before his death, he entrusted the Divine leadership to his brother, Imam Husain (a.s), and made him the guardian of the family of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w). He is buried in Jannatul Baqee in Madina.

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